Glossary

Japanese English
A  
AIKIDO the art of gathering and combining forces
B  
BOKKEN wooden sword
BUDO general name for Japanese martial arts
D  
DAN rank, step
DO-GI BUDO training clothes
DOJO literally ‘place of the way’, place to practice BUDO
F  
FUKURU-JO split bamboo stick with foam used in contest
FUKURU-SHINAI split bamboo sword with foam used in contest
H  
HAKAMA traditional japanese clothing (tied at the waist and fall approximately to the ankles)
I  
IAIDO the way of the sword, the art of drawing the sword
J  
JO stick
JODO the way of the stick
JUKENPO literally ‘soft fist system’
K  
KEIKO training
KENDO swordsmanship, fencing
KYU student degree (grade)
O  
OBI belt
OTAGAI-NI-REI to bow to each other
R  
REI bow
REIGISAHO etiquette
RYU school (tradition)
S  
SEIZA sitting straight and correct Japanese style
SENSEI teacher
SENSEI-NI-TAISHI REI bow to the teacher
SHUGI-JUTSU techniques with short sticks (+/- 40cm)
SHURIKEN-JUTSU throwing techniques with metal stars or arrows (darts)
SOBUDO Comprehensive Martial Arts
SOBUKAI Comprehensive Martial organisation (club) 
SOKE head of family (house)
T  
TAIKAI tournament
TAISO warm up exercises
TAKEDA Is the family name of a Japanese family
TAKEDA BUDO Takeda Martial Arts (Aikido, Iaido, Jodo, Jukenpo, Kendo)
TAKEDA RYU Takeda school
TAKEDA RYU NAKAMURA HA the Nakamura style of the Takeda school
TORI literally ‘to take’, the partner that does the technique
U  
UKE block, to receive, the partner that receives the technique